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Frm. President Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is a French politician who served as the 23rd President of France from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.Before his presidency, he was leader of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). Under Jacques Chirac s presidency he served as Minister of the Interior in Jean-Pierre Raffarin s (UMP) first two governments (from May 2002 to March 2004), then was appointed Minister of Finances in Raffarin s last government (March 2004 to May 2005) and again Minister of the Interior in Dominique de Villepin s government (2005–2007). In foreign affairs, he promised a strengthening of the entente cordiale with the United Kingdomand closer cooperation with the United States. During his term, he faced the late-2000s financial crisis (followed by the recession and the debt crisis caused by it) and the Arab Spring (especially inTunisia, Libya, and Syria). He also married Italian-French singer-songwriter Carla Bruni on 2 February 2008 at the Élysée Palace in Paris. On 6 May 2012, Sarkozy was defeated in the 2012 election by Socialist François Hollande by a margin of 3.2 percent, or 1,139,983 votes.[3] After leaving the office, Sarkozy retired from political life. As a former president, Sarkozy is entitled to ex officio membership in the Constitutional Council.

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